Total or semi-removal of carbohydrate-ions (HCO3-) through weak acid cation-exchange material.

Calcium and magnesium are removed from the water and replaced through H+-ions.

The hydrogen-ions released and the carbohydrates remaining react into H2O and CO2, which can be ejected over a CO2-rippler.

A softening and decarbonization takes place by way of such a semi removal of salt.

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